Circles & serpentines
Circle or volte
A perfectly round circle to an instructed size
The volte is a circle of six, eight or ten metres in diameter. If larger than ten metres, it's always referred to as a circle.
'S' shapes in the arena using loops
The serpentine with several loops touching the long side of the arena consists of half circles connected by a straight line. When crossing the centreline, the horse should be parallel to the short side. Depending on the size of the half circles, the straight connection varies in length. Serpentines with one loop on the long side of the arena are executed with five metres or ten metres distance from the track. Serpentines around the centre line are executed between the quarter lines.